smileIn today’s new age, it’s no surprise that people come across new and different types of food. Eating has become a part of not just a sustenance of our day-to-day living but also a lifestyle and a pastime for others. To enjoy every sumptuous dish that is served at every meal, you have to learn how to maintain healthy teeth and gums. It is a given that the basics of oral hygiene include the brushing and flossing of the teeth. Regularly doing so can prevent bacteria buildup in the mouth. If oral hygiene is neglected, it can cause plaque, a sticky substance composed of mucus, bacteria, food residue, and other particles in the mouth. Failure to remove the plaque may result in the development of tartar and other gum diseases.

Whether you are experiencing the first stage of a gum disease or trying to prevent it from happening to you, it always pays to bear in mind these techniques and basics to maintain your oral hygiene at all times.

1. Proper Brushing of Teeth


Although you may claim to brush your teeth twice or more in a day, not being able to do it properly could still pose a threat of bacteria buildup on your teeth and gums. Here are the proper methods on how to maintain healthy teeth and gums:

• Do it twice a day (in the morning and before going to sleep).
• It is important to have fluoride content on your toothpaste and to use a toothbrush with soft bristles. If you can afford to buy the electric toothbrush, the better.
• Brush your teeth at a 45° angle and each tooth shall be brushed 15 to 20 times.
• Move the brush using short strokes; scrubbing isn’t advisable for it can make the protective layer of the teeth thinner.
• Use the short back and forth strokes for the outer tooth surface while the vertical short upward and downward strokes for the inner upper front teeth and lower teeth.
• Replace your toothbrush after every 3 or 4 months or when it gets worn or frayed, as well as after you have had colds, sore throat, or similar illnesses.
• Do not cover or store your toothbrush in a closed container for it promotes the growth and multiplication of bacteria on the bristles.

2. Flossing

Some areas could not be reached through brushing alone; thus, flossing is a must to maintain clean and healthy teeth and gums. Here’s how to floss correctly:

  • Cut approximately 18 inches of floss, hold it gently between your thumb and forefinger. Place the string between your teeth and move with gentle up and down motions.
  • Curve the string around one tooth, then rub the side of the tooth gently with up and 45° angle and each tooth shall be brushed 15 to 20 times.
  • Don’t forget to floss the back part of the teeth as well.

3. Watch What You Eat


One of the basics on how to maintain healthy teeth and gums is to monitor the kind of food that you eat on a daily and regular basis. It’s good to consume dairy products like milk, yogurt, and cheese for they are rich in calcium, which helps with the strengthening of the bones and teeth. Also, avoid foods with lots of sugar (candies, pastries, etc.) and rinse your mouth with water after eating some for they can cause plaque buildup on your teeth.

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